Art is a form of non-verbal communication. The process of art making can provide a clarity and catharsis- a drawing can provide insight into confusing emotions, and often, simpy creating a physical representation of strong or negative feeling can reduce their intensity. The products of art therapy are concrete, which may make it easier to develop discussion from them. This is particularly applicable to children and adolescents who may be reluctant to engage in abstract conversation.
Dance and creative movement involve direct expression through the body and thus are a powerful form of communication of feelings and emotion. Often children are either too young or they simply have no words to describe their personal experiences, especially if these experiences are traumatic. Dance/movement therapy sessions provide a venue for children to express how they are feeling emotionally and physically by how they move, their posture, or gestures. The therapist provides movement acitivites and experiences to encourage self-expression.
Music therapy promotes that all individuals have an innate ability for musical expression and appreciation, regardless of technical ability. This allows for individuals to in some capacity sing and play instruments, move to music, react to and find meaning in musical experiences, and use music as another set of symbols to communicate with the world. For children who have either not developed verbal skills or struggle to verbally express the trauma they have undergone, music therapy cna provide an outlet to express their thoughts and feelings.